Oral surgery is performed in the mouth, teeth, gums, and jaw area. The surgery involves the manipulation of the oral bone, including extraction of impacted teeth due to disease, overcrowding, and misalignment in the mouth. Oral surgery has a recovery period depending on the procedure, the care given, and the patient's health condition. To maximize treatment and healing and prevent complications like bacterial infections, following precise post-operative care instructions is essential.
After the surgery, the patient is admitted to the recovery room to give time for anesthesia to wear off, and bleeding is managed by biting down on gauze in intervals to allow clotting. Bleeding should subside after a few hours post-op, and persistent bleeding is considered an emergency complication. Swelling is also common and is managed using ice pads to reduce soreness and bone stiffness. Elevated head positions help with the blood flow and ease constrictions that may worsen swelling.
It is normal to experience pain after an OMS surgery. Surgeons recommend pain medication and antibiotics to avert bacterial infection to ease this. A nutrient-dense diet helps strengthen immunity to fasten recovery and healing. It is vital to maintain a soft nutrient-dense diet to ensure you don't harm your wound with hard, chewy foods. Cleaning the mouth with a soft-bristled toothbrush and flossing twice a day helps maintain oral health and prevent bacterial buildup. It would help if you restrained from strenuous activities that would aggravate swelling.
It is essential to restrain some habits like tobacco smoking and drinking alcohol, making healing time lengthy and complicated. Sugary foodstuffs should also be avoided as they contribute significantly to oral infections, a complication that you cannot afford while healing from an OMS procedure. Seek medical attention immediately if you notice post-op complications, for example, persistent bleeding and pain, signs of infections like pus buildup, or an allergic reaction.
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