Multiple Tooth Implants


Adults develop a total of 32 teeth. Twenty-eight of these permanent teeth erupt by around the age of 13. The last 4 to come in are the third molars. These teeth are more commonly known as the wisdom teeth because of when they erupt, coming in between your late teens to early 20s. The last to erupt, these teeth are also the four teeth most likely to become impacted. When your wisdom teeth are impacted, several issues may arise. Treasure Valley Oral & Facial Surgery can help with wisdom tooth extraction.

What Causes Impacted Wisdom Teeth?


Any tooth can become impacted. It is most common, however, with the wisdom teeth. An impacted tooth is one that cannot erupt properly, or at all, through the gums. There are several issues that can cause impacted wisdom teeth. These issues include:
•  Insufficient space in your jawbone. Your jawbone just cannot accommodate all of your teeth.
•  Bone of tissue blocking the wisdom teeth, preventing them from erupting.
•  The wisdom teeth are growing at an angle.

The Effects of Impacted Wisdom Teeth


Impacted wisdom teeth can cause several significant issues. Common complications include:
•  Overcrowding. Even if there is not enough space in your jaw, the wisdom teeth can still try to erupt. As they do, they begin to put pressure on the adjacent teeth. This pressure forces these teeth out of alignment, causing them to put pressure on the rest of your teeth. As a result, you may be faced with overcrowding. When your teeth are overcrowded, you may then be faced with an increased risk for gum disease, cavities, and tooth damage. You may also be faced with bruxism and TMJ disorder.
•  Infections. If the wisdom teeth only partially erupt, they may be more difficult to keep clean. This can lead to a localized infection known as pericornitis.
•  Cysts. Cysts are fluid or semi-fluid filled sacs that can form as a result of impacted teeth. The longer a cyst goes untreated, the larger it becomes. As it grows, it can destroy bone mass in your jaw. Sometimes, a cyst may cause so much bone damage that a bone graft is required.
•  Damage to healthy teeth. If your teeth are growing sideways toward your adjacent teeth, they can eventually cause physical damage to these teeth. Too much damage may result in infections in the affected teeth or the need for additional extractions.

Treating Impacted Wisdom Teeth


The only way to successfully restore your oral health when faced with impacted wisdom teeth is with surgical tooth extraction. The wisdom teeth are sometimes referred to as vestigial, much like the appendix. While they once played a role in the mouth, they are no longer necessary.
A wisdom tooth extraction is done under a local anesthetic. Sedation is often provided to ensure comfort. We begin with small incisions in the gums near the impacted teeth. Next, we work to remove the teeth. In some cases, we may need to remove a small portion of bone. The teeth may need to be sectioned and removed in pieces. Once the teeth have been completely removed, the sockets are cleaned, and your gums are sutured closed. There is no need to replace extracted wisdom teeth.

When the wisdom teeth are impacted, the best way to treat them is to extract them. Following extraction, your wisdom teeth do not need to be replaced. If your wisdom teeth are causing you problems, call Treasure Valley Oral & Facial Surgery today at (208) 994-6227 to schedule your consultation.



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